Zinthu 21 Zomwe Zinapangitsa Dziko Lapansi Kukhala Malo Abwinoko mu 2021


Mliri sunatero kutha mozizwitsa. Pamene wotchiyo inagunda pakati pausiku ndikuwonetsa chiyambi cha 2021, Matenda a covid-19 sichinasungunuke ngati chovala chaphwando la mwana wankazi, kalanga, ndipo tonse tinakakamizika kuyang’ana pansi chaka china chamantha. Nkhani yabwino ndiyakuti: Tinachita! Nkhani yoyipa ndi iyi: Chabwino, mukudziwa … Tonse tikudziwa. Chifukwa chake tiyeni tiyiwale za izi, kwakanthawi, ndikukondwerera zonse zabwino zomwe zidachitika mu 2021.

Opitilira 8.47 Biliyoni Katemera wa Covid-19 Anayendetsedwa Padziko Lonse

Mu Disembala 2020, UK idayendetsa katemera woyamba wosayesa wa Covid-19 padziko lapansi kwa mayi wazaka 90 atanyamula mpango wa kambuku. Chaka chotsatira, pafupifupi 9 biliyoni a Covid jabs aikidwa m’manja padziko lonse lapansi – ndipo chiwerengerochi chikukwera kwenikweni sekondi iliyonse. Ndi kampeni yayikulu kwambiri yopezera katemera m’mbiri! Mukadakhala ndi mwayi, mwalandira chomata mutatha kuwombera kwanu! Kuthamanga, kulimba, komanso kugwira ntchito kwa katemera wopulumutsa moyo ndi chodabwitsa chomwe chili champhamvu kuwona, ndipo akuti kwatsala miyezi itatu kuti 75 peresenti ya anthu padziko lonse lapansi alandire mlingo wawo woyamba. Werengani zambiri pa Bloomberg.

Asayansi Awululira Kuti Tchizi Siwoyipa Kwa Inu (Zowona!)

M’mwezi wa February, pamene zikumbukiro zonse za kukoma mtima ndi chisangalalo za nyengo zinazimiririka ndipo tinatsala opanda kalikonse koma kuzizira, kunong’ona kwamphepo yachisanu, asayansi anatipatsa chifukwa chopitirizira. Potsutsa mphekesera zopanda pake zoti tchizi ndi chinthu choipa, chakupha, wasayansi wina anauza WIRED kuti: “Palibe pafupifupi umboni uliwonse wosonyeza kuti tchizi umapangitsa kuwonda—ndipo pali umboni wakuti saloŵerera m’malo moipitsitsa.” Kusanthula kowononga kusalana kumeneku kunathandiza tchizi kukonzanso mbiri yake padziko lonse lapansi – ndipo ndizosangalatsa. Werengani zambiri pa WAWAYA.

Kusiya Ntchito Kwakukulu Kunabwezera Ogwira Ntchito Miyoyo Yawo

Ngati pali chisangalalo chachikulu padziko lapansi kuposa kusiya, ndiye kuti aliyense padziko lapansi amasiya nthawi imodzi. Masika ndi chilimwe 2021 adasiya ntchito pambuyo poti ogwira ntchito padziko lonse lapansi adagwiritsa ntchito mliriwu kuti aganizire za moyo wawo wantchito. (Zokuthandizani: Payenera kukhala moyo wochuluka kuposa ntchito.) Mu April mokha, 2.7 peresenti ya ogwira ntchito aku America adasiya ntchito zawo, kukhazikitsa mbiri yatsopano yomwe idamenyedwanso mu Ogasiti. Pomwe olemba ntchito atha kusiyidwa akulira “Kodi ndingakugwireni mphindi imodzi?” maimelo, ogwira ntchito akutsimikiziranso ufulu wawo. Werengani zambiri pa WAWAYA.

Ma Drones Anatithandiza Kupeza Chogwirizira pa Kuipitsa kwa Pulasitiki

Afilosofi angafunse kuti, “Kodi ndi nkhani yabwino kunena kuti tapanga njira yaing’ono yothetsera vuto lalikulu kwambiri, lochititsa mantha, loopsa, loopsa limene ifeyo tinapanga? Kodi ndi chinthu chokondwereradi?” kumene timati: Ingotipatsani iyi, chonde, afilosofi, ndizo zonse zomwe tili nazo. M’chaka chonse cha 2021, kampani yoyambira ku UK yotchedwa Ellipsis Earth yakhala ikuwonetsa kukula kwa kuipitsidwa kwa pulasitiki padziko lonse lapansi ndi ma drones okhala ndi kamera omwe amatha (nthawi zina) kuzindikira komwe zinyalala zimachokera. Kafukufuku wachanguwa amathandizira akatswiri kumvetsetsa bwino njira zomwe zimafunikira m’malo osiyanasiyana, kuyambira kutsatira malamulo otaya zinyalala m’magombe mpaka kukhazikitsa nkhokwe zambiri m’malo otayirako zinyalala. Werengani zambiri pa CNN.

Malingaliro a Munthu Analumikizidwa Kukompyuta Mopanda Waya

M’mwezi wa Marichi 2021, ofufuza a ku Brown University adafalitsa bwino ma sigino a muubongo opanda zingwe ku kompyuta kwa nthawi yoyamba – kusunthaku ndi njira yopambana kwa anthu olumala, popeza kuchotsedwa kwa mawaya olemetsa kumatenga ukadaulo uwu sitepe imodzi kuyandikira kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito kunyumba. Makompyuta apakompyuta (BCI) akhala akugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthandiza anthu kulemba, kugwiritsa ntchito makina opangira ma robotic, komanso kusuntha miyendo yawo m’mbuyomu, koma kwa nthawi yoyamba omwe atenga nawo gawo pamaphunzirowa atha kugwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo uwu m’nyumba zawo, m’malo mogwiritsa ntchito luso lamakono. kukhazikitsa lab. Werengani zambiri pa Lowetsani Mag.

China Yathetsa Malungo

Pamene mwezi wa June unkatha, bungwe la World Health Organization linalengeza kuti dziko la China silinayambe kudwala malungo pambuyo pa “zaka makumi ambiri zakuchitapo kanthu” polimbana ndi matendawa. M’zaka za m’ma 1940, China inachitira lipoti odwala malungo okwana 30 miliyoni chaka chilichonse; mu 2020, dzikolo linanena zaka zinayi zotsatizana za ziro zachibadwidwe, zomwe zikutsegulira njira kwa WHO kuti inene kuti ilibe malungo mu 2021. Mu April, WHO inayambitsa kampeni yochotsa maiko ena 25 a malungo pofika 2025. Werengani zambiri pa The New York Times.

Donald Trump adaletsedwa ku Twitter

Pazaka khumi zapitazi, takhala tikuwona mobwerezabwereza olamulira athu a digito akukana kutiteteza ku zoopsa, kupotoza mfundo zawo kuti achulukitse phindu lawo mosaganizira pang’ono za njira zomwe demokalase ingawonongedwe mosasinthika panthawiyi. Ichi ndichifukwa chake zidali mpumulo pomwe Twitter idaletsa Purezidenti Donald Trump papulatifomu mu Januware, pambuyo pa Kunyumba Payekha 2 wosewera adalemekeza ziwawa zomwe zidachitika ku US Capitol ndi omutsatira ake. Kuletsaku kudayamba kugwira ntchito pa Januware 8-masiku 12 Trump asadasiye kukhala purezidenti – ndipo ndizamuyaya. Werengani zambiri pa Nkhani za BBC.

‘Mahotela a Njuchi’ Achidatchi Anathandiza Kuchuluka kwa Njuchi Kusasunthika

Anthu opitilira 11,000 adawerengera njuchi ngati gawo la kalembera wa njuchi ku Netherlands mu 2021-ndipo zomwe adapeza zinali zolimbikitsa, popeza kuchuluka kwa njuchi zam’tawuni kudapezeka kuti sikukhazikika m’zaka zingapo zapitazi. Akukhulupirira kuti njira zingapo—kuyambira pa tsinde za zomera zomwe zazimidwa zomwe zimakhala ngati “mahotela a njuchi” mpaka kuletsa mankhwala opha udzu—zikuthandizira njuchi kuti zizikula bwino. Kenako: AirBeeNBees. Werengani zambiri pa The Guardian.

Ofufuza Anapanga Mapulogalamu Amene Anasintha Nkhondo Yolimbana ndi Nkhanza Zogonana Ana

Gulu la Internet Watch Foundation ku Cambridgeshire lili ndi ntchito yosatopa: Amatha maola ambiri akuyang’ana zithunzi zogonedwa ndi ana ndikuziika m’magulu kuti zithandizire mayiko kuthana ndi olakwa. Chaka chino, gululi linamanganso mapulogalamu awo a hashing kuti deta yomwe inagawidwa ndi mabungwe azamalamulo padziko lonse lapansi ikhale yogwirizana ndi madera awo, kutanthauza kuti akhoza kuika patsogolo zithunzi zazikulu kwambiri, kuchotsa mosavuta ndikuletsa zomwe zili mkati, ndikubweretsa olakwa. Werengani zambiri pa WAWAYA.

NASA Inapanga Oxygen pa Mars

Ngati pali chaka chomwe alendo anganene kuti “hiya,” chinali 2021 – chaka chomwe tidafika patali kwambiri “Inde, tikukhala mongoyerekeza.” Komabe, alendo sananene kuti “hiya” (osati kwa ine), koma tili ndi chinthu chotsatira (kapena chotsatira): Perseverance Rover ya NASA idasinthiratu mpweya wina wa carbon-dioxide ku Mars kukhala mpweya. mu April. Podumphadumpha kwambiri potengera anthu ku Mars, NASA idati kusunthaku “kungapangitse njira kuti zopeka za sayansi zikhale zenizeni za sayansi,” zomwe ndi zabwino kunena. Werengani zambiri pa NASA.

Mizere Yowoneka Yosintha Kudikirira

Chifukwa cha mizere, malo odyera, malo osangalalira, ndi malo okwerera mitu padziko lonse lapansi adaganiza zothetsa chizolowezichi poyambitsa kusintha kwa mizere. Potilola kukhala pamzere ndi ma tapi angapo a chala chathu, m’malo mwa mapazi athu, mizere yeniyeni yachepetsa ululu wokhudzana ndi kudikira (ndi kuyembekezera, ndi kuyembekezera) pamzere. Werengani zambiri pa WAWAYA.

Sukulu Yoyamba Padziko Lonse Yosindikiza za 3D Yatsegula Zitseko Zake Zosindikizidwa za 3D

Pasanathe maola 24—15 kunena ndendende—gulu la nyumba zotsika mtengo la 14Trees linamanga sukulu yonse ku Malawi mu July uno pogwiritsa ntchito ukadaulo wosindikiza wa 3D. Tikukhulupirira kuti njira zofananirazi zithandizira kuthana ndi kuchepa kwa makalasi mdziko muno, komanso Africa yonse, zomwe zimathandizira ana kuyenda mtunda waufupi kupita kusukulu ndikugwira ntchito bwino. Amayi ndi ana anayimba ndi kuvina kutsogolo kwa sukulu yatsopanoyi kukondwerera kutsegulidwa kwake. Werengani zambiri pa Reuters.

Mitengo ya Orchid Yoganiziridwa Kuti Idzatha Inapezedwa Padenga la London

Masewera akuluakulu obisala ndi kufunafuna adatha mu June pomwe mitundu yosowa ya ma orchid idapezeka ikukula pamwamba pa banki yogulitsa ndalama ku London, ngakhale asayansi akukhulupirira kuti mbewuyo idasowa ku UK. Ecologist Mike Waller, wolemba Orchid waku Britain, inati: “Uwu ndi umboni woonekeratu wakuti tikaleza mtima ndi kudzipereka, ngakhale malo amene sitingathe kuwayembekezera angakhale malo obisalamo nyama zina zakutchire zomwe sizipezekapezeka.” Ndizabwino. Werengani zambiri pa The Guardian.

The Met Yachotsa Dzina la Sackler M’magulu Ake

Ngakhale kuti mwatsoka sizingatheke kuthetsa vuto la opioid ku America usiku wonse, malo otsogola akuthandizira kufafaniza dzina la banja lomwe linathandizira kuti lifike. M’zaka zaposachedwa, oyambitsa Purdue Pharma banja la Sackler ayang’anizana ndi kuwunika kowonjezereka chifukwa cha gawo la kampani yawo pa mliri wa opioid, ndipo malo osungiramo zinthu zakale otchuka omwe alandila zopereka kuchokera kwa a Sacklers tsopano akudzipatula okha kubanja lawo. Zabwino komanso kuthamangitsidwa! Werengani zambiri pa New Yorker.

Capybaras waku Argentine Adatenganso Malo Awo Ndi Mphamvu

Sankhani malo abwino omwe makoswe angafune kubwezera, ndipo mudzavomera kuti simungayende molakwika ndi gulu lomwe lili ndi zipata. M’mwezi wa Okutobala, ma capybara adayamba kubweza malo olemera omwe ali pafupi ndi Buenos Aires omwe kale anali gawo lawo, akudyamo makangaza amaluwa okonzedwa bwino komanso udzu wabwino. Mchitidwe wankhondo wamagulu awiri ndi umodzi uwu wankhondo zamagulu komanso zolimbikitsa zachilengedwe zinali kusuntha kolimba mtima kwa makoswe akulu kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi. Werengani zambiri pa Magazini ya Smithsonian.

Oyendetsa Uber Anapatsidwa Ufulu Wogwira Ntchito ku UK

Chuma cha gig chidafika pachidendene mwezi wa February pomwe chigamulo chodziwika bwino cha Khothi Lalikulu ku UK chidawona kuti ufulu wa oyendetsa Uber wakhazikika. Chigamulo chakuti oyendetsa Uber ndi ogwira ntchito osati odzilemba okha chinatsegula zitseko za malipiro ochepa komanso malipiro a tchuthi. “Chigamulochi chidzakonzanso chuma cha gig ndikuthetsa nkhanza za ogwira ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito chinyengo,” atero a James Farrar, mlembi wamkulu wa bungwe la App Drivers and Couriers. Werengani zambiri pa The Guardian.

United Inawulutsa Ndege Yoyamba Yokwera Yokhala Ndi Mafuta 100 Paperesenti Okhazikika

Mu Disembala, okwera 100 omwe amawuluka kuchokera ku Chicago kupita ku Washington, DC, anali oyamba padziko lapansi kutero ndi injini imodzi yomwe ikuyenda pa 100 peresenti yamafuta osasunthika opangidwa ndi madzi a shuga ndi chimanga (chokoma!). Mafutawa akuti amayaka ndi 75 peresenti yoyera kuposa mafuta opangira mafuta, ndipo ngakhale pali mkangano wina wotsuka masamba obiriwira pozungulira chochitikacho, inali nthawi yofunika kwambiri kwa makampani oyendetsa ndege. Werengani zambiri pa Business Insider.

Oscars Anali ndi Chaka Chawo Chosiyana Kwambiri Kwambiri

Zikafika kwa anthu otchuka, 2021 idakwera kale 2020 mwachisawawa – palibe amene anayesa imbani “Imagine” atatitsekera m’nyumba zathu. Koma panalinso kupita patsogolo kwina, komwe ndi ku Oscars, komwe zaka zakumbuyo komanso kufutukuka kofunikira kwa ovota kunapangitsa kuti pakhale mindandanda yosiyanasiyana ya osankhidwa, kuphatikiza woyamba waku Asia waku America yemwe adasankhidwa kukhala wochita bwino kwambiri. Pamene mwambowu unachitika (payekha!) Chloé Zhao anakhala mkazi woyamba wamtundu kuti apambane mtsogoleri wabwino, pamene Yuh-jung Youn anakhala woyamba ku Korea kuti apambane Oscar. Werengani zambiri pa Zosiyanasiyana.

Magalimoto Amagetsi Atulutsa Dizilo Kwa Nthawi Yoyamba ku Europe

Mu Ogasiti, magalimoto amagetsi amagulitsa dizilo ku Europe kwa nthawi yoyamba, ndipo chaka chamawa, akatswiri akuyembekeza kuti magalimoto ambiri amagetsi azigulitsidwa ku UK. Kukweraku akukhulupilira kuti kumayendetsedwa ndi kutsika kwamitengo, kuchuluka kwa magalimoto, kusowa kwa petulo, komanso kukwera kwa malo omwe amalipiritsa. Kodi ili lingakhale yankho ku chinthu chonsecho cha “kusintha kwanyengo”? Ayi, mwachiwonekere. Koma, mukudziwa, mwina ndi poyambira? Werengani zambiri pa Wasayansi Watsopano.

The Anapatsidwa Nthawi Zonse Anamasulidwa ku Ngalande ya Suez

Ndichizindikiro cha momwe zinthu zidalili koyambirira kwa chaka chino kuti chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zimakambidwa kwambiri komanso nthabwala zomwe zidachitika ndi sitima yapamadzi yomwe idakakamira mumtsinje wa Suez kwa masiku asanu ndi limodzi. Ndikutanthauza, mumafotokozera bwanji izi kwa adzukulu anu amtsogolo? Komabe, tonse tinali ndi chifukwa chokondwerera kumapeto kwa March pamene chombocho chinamasulidwa (kapena, kunena mwanjira ina, pamene ma memes adatha). Werengani zambiri pa WAWAYA.

Mphamvu Zongowonjezereka Zinali ndi Chaka Cholemba

Zikafika pazovuta zanyengo, dziko lapansi limafunikira uthenga wabwino uliwonse womwe ungalandire. Ndipo mu Disembala, International Energy Agency (IEA) idawulula kuti chaka cha 2021 chinali chaka chachikulu kwambiri cha mphamvu zongowonjezwdwanso, pomwe pafupifupi 290 GW yamagetsi ongowonjezedwanso idayikidwa padziko lonse lapansi – ma turbines owoneka bwino amphepo ndi ma solar – ngakhale mliri komanso kukwera mtengo kwamagetsi. zida zogwiritsira ntchito. Werengani zambiri pa The Guardian.


Nkhani Zina Zabwino Kwambiri za WIRED



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