The world has said lost one-third of its forests since the last ice age, and about 15 percent of global warming still emanates from deforestation and deforestation.
Now a new pledge made at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow last month is expected to change the picture. The Glasgow Leaders’ Report on Forest and Land Use, signed by major forest states, aims to reduce deforestation to zero by 2030. The pledge has raised hopes that the country will see new potential to address deforestation problems.
Simon Lewis, a researcher on the science of global change at Leeds University and the University of London, Simon Lewis said: “All carbon […] and for biodiversity conservation, for two-thirds of the world’s species live in tropical forests. ”
But there is also a lot of information about the promise, including the fact that similar announcements have already been made – often to the point of not being effective.
What Is the New Promise?
It was announced at the COP in early November and signed with 141 countries — about 72 percent of the countries — including Brazil, Indonesia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, three of the four countries with tropical rain forests by 2020.
States are committed to “working together to eradicate deforestation and land degradation by 2030” while “bringing about sustainable development and promoting rural transformation.” More importantly, it cannot justify this by simply referring to deforestation, as many other promises do, meaning that it seeks to eradicate deforestation, not just deforestation or the removal of local crime.
The promise is powered by $ 12 billion in government funding and $ 7.2 billion in private spending. Within this, $ 1.7 billion will pass support the land rights of ordinary people and rural areas and support their role as forest rangers.
However, Lewis says there is still doubt as to whether the promise means “zero” deforestation or “zero” deforestation. Deforestation will not mean the loss of any of the world’s oldest forests. But deforestation means that old forests can still be cleared, as long as new forests are planted at the same rate. Lewis explains: “In the past it was very good for carbon, and also very good for biodiversity.
What Could It Be?
It is difficult to say in detail the effects of deforestation on everything from climate change and water protection to wildlife and community life.
An analysis The World Resources Institute (WRI) found that eliminating deforestation by 2030 in all the countries that signed the pact will save 33 million hectares of forest, an area the size of Malaysia. It can also emit twice the gigatonne 19 carbon dioxide (GtCO2e), twice as much annual Chinese smoke.
Adriana Ramos, political and legal co-ordinator at the Instituto Socioambiental (ISA) in Brazil, said: reducing forest degradation smoke, was a significant reduction in global gas emissions. Reducing logging is the cheapest and I would say the easiest way to reduce emissions. ”