In 1993, deep secretly at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, a slight light inside the fuel tank of a bus sparked an issue that had not yet ended.
The Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND) was looking for explosive radiation emitted by neutrinos, which is lighter and more rare in all known primary sources. “The most amazing thing was what we saw,” said Bill Louis, one of the pilot leaders.
The problem was that saw a lot. Researchers thought that neutrines could fly in different directions during flight. The LSND had begun testing this concept by pointing to the price of muon neutrinos, one of the three known types, in the fuel tank, and counting the number of electrons neutrinos that arrived there. However Louis and his team noticed more neutrin electrons coming into the tank than the simple theory of neutrino oscillations predicted.
Since then, more neutrino tests have been performed, each larger than the last. In the mountains, in uncharted caves, and glaciers below the South Pole, astronomers have established churches with tiny sliding particles. But as the experiment detected neutrinos from all sides, they continued to provide conflicting images of how small particles act. “The plot is still growing,” Louis said.
“It is a very confusing story. I call it the Forking Paths Field, ”he said Carlos Argüelles-Delgado, a neuroscientist at Harvard University. In Jorge Luis Borges’ short talk in 1941 of the title, the branches of time become innumerable future. With neutrinos, conflicting results have led believers to follow different paths, unsure of which data to believe and which could be misleading. “Like any research article, you sometimes see the benefits and throw them in the wrong direction,” Argüelles-Delgado said.
A simple explanation for the LSND anomaly was the presence of a new, fourth type of neutrino, called a sterile neutrino, which combines all types of neutrino according to new rules. Barren neutrons allow muon neutrons to move easily in electron neutrons at short distances to the fuel tank.
But over time, the sterile neutrino did not match the results of other experiments. “We had our best ideas, but the problem was that somewhere they failed miserably,” Argüelles-Delgado said. “We were deep in the woods, and we had to get out.”
Forced to return, astronomers have been reconsidering the causes of the chaos and its consequences. In recent years, they have developed new theories that are far more complex than the infertile neutrino, but which, if correct, can completely change physics – eliminating distortions in neutrino oscillation data and other major physics mysteries simultaneously. At the very least, these new species have heavy neutrins that can contain black matter, invisible matter that covers galaxies that appear to be four times larger than ordinary objects.
Now, four reviews released yesterday with a MicroBooNE test at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory near Chicago and some recent research from the IceCube detector at the South Pole all suggest that the most complex theories of neutrino could be on the right track — even though the future is uncertain.
Argüelles-Delgado states: “I feel as if something inside of it. “It’s a very difficult place to point out.”
When Wolfgang Pauli spoke of the existence of neutrino in 1930 to describe the disappearance of energy from radioactive decay, he called it the “incurable drug.” His imaginary design did not have a lot of power or electricity, which makes him doubt that experimentation can detect it. “It’s something no believer should do,” he wrote in his journal at the time. But in 1956, in a different experiment with LSND, there was a neutrino.
Soon, success was interrupted when astronomers discovered neutrinos coming from the sun, from which tiny droplets of light emitted by nectar, and found less than half of the predicted number of stars and their reaction to nuclear energy. By the 1990’s, it was clear that neutrinos were performing a miracle. Not only do solar neutrinos appear to be miraculously extinct, but also neutrinos fall to the earth when cosmic light collides with the atmosphere.