The next fall, a Africa, especially Egypt, will host COP27-27th UN Climate Change Conference. This comes after two other reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which will be released next year, will address the current crisis in the country. global warming, changes that the world needs to make, and our vulnerability to climate change. These are the challenges that most affect the African continent. The link that brings COP27 with IPCC means that the African climate issue is now known around the world.
Africa has been plagued by climate change for many years. This summer, 6 million people in Angola are facing famine as a result of the worst drought in 40 years. Thousands of Angolan “climate refugees” were forced to cross the Namibian border. A similar drought has wreaked havoc in the north and south of the continent, with Algeria and Madagascar all devastated by a water shortage. Meanwhile, locusts — aggravated by the storm —is running in East Africa, and agriculture in West Africa is particularly affected by the changing hurricane season.
Africa has long been under attack by countries and peoples outside the continent. Climate events such as floods in Germany and China as well as wildfires in Canada and Greece this year, appropriately, have been covered around the world. The floods in Nigeria and Uganda have not been overlooked.
In 2022, this will change. As organizations such as the IPCC focus more on how climate change has already affected people and what we need to do to change, Africa must not be left behind. The continent has produced only 3 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, but it still faces some challenges of climate change and has few things that can change. Discussions will begin with how rich countries — which are also extremely destructive — can help African countries (and others with no means) to cope with the inevitable destruction they face. The UN concept of “Loss and Damage”, the notion that the worst offenders compensate countries affected by the damage and destruction they have already experienced as a result of climate change (an idea often criticized by developed countries), will be brought back to global climate policy. . it is an African word.
Africa, while historically a major contributor to environmental degradation, must also play a role in reducing global emissions. In particular, it will need to change aid to clean energy, as global demand for electricity is expected to double by 2030. However, money and funds continue to pour into African countries from non-African organizations and governments seeking to eliminate and the burning of antiquities. oil. The East African Oil Pipeline 1,400 km from Hoima, Uganda to the port of Tanga in Tanzania — currently under construction by the French oil company Total — is a powerful example of this. The project will remove local people and destroy fields and biodiversity, yet benefits will be stripped from the continent.
Next year, we will need the money to stop flowing in the original oil and be used instead to increase the development of renewable energy and invest in the environment. In Congo, for example, it is the second tropical rain forest in the world. Like Amazon, it is the most important part of the world in terms of global warming. Unlike the Amazon, however, it is not a national goal, although the growing deforestation threatens us all.