The PIPL differs from other data laws in that it reflects the national political goals that achieve this. “If European security laws are based on fundamental rights and US privacy laws are based on consumer protection, China’s privacy laws are more closely aligned, and I would say, national security,” Tene said.
Instead, PIPL promotes the requirement of Chinese law on cyber security that companies store their information within China. Telecoms, transportation, financial companies, and other organizations that are considered to be the most important people to do so. But this now applies to any company that collects information from other people, anonymously. Following the departures of Yahoo and LinkedIn, Apple is now one of the world’s leading leading companies based in China. To secure its place in the lucrative market, Apple has already made a splash widespread acceptance of the Chinese government. At this stage, it is unclear how PIPL will be affected Apple Business in China.
Companies that want to share information outside of China should also look at national security, says James Gong, a Chinese partner at the law firm Bird & Bird. Set aside direction translated by DigiChina suggests that many companies will be subject to national security surveillance, including those that export “essentials” abroad. Companies that have data on over one billion people and want to send information abroad will also face comments. Any accredited company operating in and out of China may be excluded from this review.
As part of security comments, companies are required to provide an agreement between themselves and an external partner who receives the information and completes their self-assessment. This includes explaining why data is being exported from China, the types of information being sent, and the risks involved. Combining all of this could lead to uncertainty for companies doing business in China, Gong says. “They should also consider changing their businesses, their management, IT systems and the costs they face.”
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