Elections promise German parties to vote


Election reforms in Germany

Germany has a national election on Sunday to decide who replaces Angela Merkel, their 16-year-old senior. And it plans to be the closest to the generation.

Studies show that the winner – either a Merkel of the Democratic Party (CDU / CSU) or the left-wing Social Democratic Party (SPD) – should share power with rivals.

The parties that vowed to vote differently will be forced to form a coalition, negotiating the agreement should last several weeks – or months. As a result, it may take some time for the new government to establish itself.

The possible result is this agreement how the CDU / CSU or SPD shifts to support the Free Democrats (FDP) – a free market-based party – and the Greens, with a view to tackling climate change. But it will not always be easy to bridge the gap between the two worlds. Promises to be at the forefront of major issues.


Financial policy

Nothing divides parties like this story. Those on the left want to raise taxes, raise money and rest Strict economic rules for Germany, while those on the right forbid raising taxes and swearing “debt denial”, Germany’s border restrictions on new borrowing.

CDU / CSU

CDU vice president and vice-chancellor, Armin Laschet © CDU chancellor and chancellor, Armin Laschet

  • No tax

  • There is no change in stopping new loans, called ‘debt breaches’

  • Prompt return to appropriate budgets

  • Corporate profits taxable at 25%

  • The gradual abolition of ‘Soli’ – a tax-paying agreement offered to pay for German reconciliation. This applies to only 10 percent of taxpayers

SPD

Olaf Scholz, Chancellor of the SPD

Olaf Scholz, Chancellor of the SPD

  • A new loan, but only within the framework of the debt-free framework

  • Higher taxes for higher incomes

  • Save Soli to 10% of those who got the best results

  • Bring income tax, and 1% tax on capital goods

  • Change inheritance tax

  • Introduce economic tax

FDP

FDP Leader Christian Lindner © FDP Leader Christian Lindner

  • There is no change in repayment

  • Larger taxes should be spent on annual revenue of more than € 90,000

  • Stop Soli

  • There is no income tax or increase in property tax

  • Make good use of the money earned by 50% of the budget

  • Corporate taxes have been reduced by 25%

The greens

Annalena Baerbock, chancellor's counselor

Annalena Baerbock, Vice Chancellor

  • Credit adjustments are released to allow us to borrow money

  • Very large taxes on taxes

  • 1% income tax on items over € 2m


External points

External policies are another major source of controversy. In China, the CDU / CSU is following Merkel’s principles, seeing Beijing as her ally and ally. The Greens are adamant that they want China to take action on human rights abuses in Hong Kong and Xinjiang.

CDU / CSU

  • Change the Establishment Path in Europe – the emergency providers in the eurozone, which was set up after the 2011 financial crisis

  • Complete banking and corporate markets

  • Keep up the fight against Russia

  • Continue to see China as a ‘competitor, ally and rival’ but join Beijing ‘if possible’

  • Nato’s strong commitment and commitment to spend 2% of GDP on defense

  • Armed forces are expected to be armed with drones and rise from 184,000 force to 203,000

  • New national security council to comply with foreign policy and security policy

SPD

  • Turn the EU Growth and Development Agreement (bloc economic rules) into a ‘Sustainability Pact’

  • Strengthen trade unionization of European companies

  • Limited financial policies; instead a ‘natural’ economic plan

  • Europe should be a leader in preventing global problems

  • Most eligible voters in making decisions outside the EU, rather than just agreeing

  • A new beginning in relations with the US

  • Nato Commitment

FDP

  • Strengthen EU institutions such as the European Parliament

  • Most eligible voters in making decisions outside the EU

  • The importance of the European military

  • Fully complying with EU economic rules in the Stability and Growth of the Convention

  • There is no move for the EU to become a ‘credit union’

  • A new beginning in relations with the US

  • Nato Commitment

The greens

  • Most eligible voters in EU foreign policy and security policies

  • More EU funding for climate protection, digital security and education

  • Turn the Stability and Growth of the Union into a ‘permanent and sustainable tool’ regulated by the European Parliament

  • Stop Nord Stream 2 gas pipelines from Russia

  • New ways to support Nato, including security talks and diplomatic relations with Russia

  • Reject Nato’s goal of spending 2% of GDP on the military


Climate and nature

In climate change, the Greens have ambitious goals, while the CDU / CSU and SPD want to ensure that Germany achieves its climate goals without losing its access to electricity in Europe.

CDU / CSU

  • Carbon neutrality neutrality: 2045

  • By 2030, a 65% drop in emissions compared to 1990; by 2040, a decrease of 88%. Air sales must be expanded and expanded throughout Europe

  • Renewable Energy: Immediately wipe the EEG (consumer surcharges on electricity bills to cover additional costs); accelerating the expansion of renewable energy and making Germany the first hydrogen producer

  • Public inspection: The development of many railways and trains in Europe

  • Vehicles: Promise the use of electric vehicles and vehicles using fuel. There is no restriction on diesel traffic, no speed limits

SPD

  • Carbon neutrality neutrality: 2045

  • Electricity needs to be restructured by 2040. Make Germany a hydrogen technology leader by 2030.

  • Public visits are made to facilitate the weather. Make land trips cheaper than flying in Europe

  • Traffic: Limit at least 15m on German vehicles by 2030. 130kph speed

  • Carbon prices: low-income people should be compensated for the increase in carbon taxes

FDP

  • Carbon Political Neutrality: 2050

  • Promptly promise sales of gas appliances in all areas

  • Additional power: Remove EEG tax and electricity. Support renewable energy and monitor hydrogen

  • Set up discount trains and change jobs. Rails have to remain official

  • There is no restriction on fuel truck, no limits, speeding electric vehicles

  • Carbon prices: Use uniform, global market value. Combating inflation through the ‘climate zone’ from the cost of CO2 to citizens

The greens

  • Carbon Prevention Neutrality: In the next 20 years. Coal emergence should be imported from 2038 to 2030

  • Reduce emissions by 70% by 2030. By 2035, Germany should fully rely on renewable energy sources.

  • Save 100bn in rail and rail 2035.

  • Vehicles: 15m electric vehicles on the roads by 2030, registering new vehicles at that time only for airless vehicles. Speed ​​of 130kph

  • Carbon prices: Up to € 60 per tonne by 2023 and gradually increase. Carbon tax revenue must be paid to citizens


Migration

While Germany’s last election was marred by racial tensions, immigrants did not make it clear at this year’s conference. Many parties hold sway over the land by changing European security rules while others, such as the FDP, insist on the need to deport those seeking refuge.

CDU / CSU

  • Change the security system in Europe to address the causes of flight, and create equal standards for sharing money and burdens

  • Cut out the refugees in Germany

  • Supervised migration seems like a treasure – as long as it is organized and leads to a successful partnership.

  • Limit ways of recognizing external qualifications

SPD

  • Change the EU system using a single distribution system

  • Change legal escape routes and address the causes of migration. Facilitate permanent residency in mixed communities

  • Remove restrictions on reunion

  • There is no forced deportation to dangerous countries

  • Change citizenship law to allow other countries. Remove obstacles that naturally

FDP

  • Refugees in the war have been granted temporary protection, and are divided among EU member states

  • Changing immigration routes legally. Use Canadian migration methods

  • Refugees with temporary security can move to another country and work

  • Encourage the non-moving evacuation of those seeking rescue

  • Drive a sustainable path and reduce it to four years; let different countries

The greens

  • Make arrangements to register refugees at EU borders and provide them with immediate assistance

  • Reject all camps and routes. Refuse to be deported to so-called ‘safer countries’ or to war-torn or war-torn countries.

  • Provide ways to move to education and employment, including low-skilled workers

  • Remove restrictions on reunion

  • Strengthen rescue strategies and grant you the right to live with those who do not have it in five years

  • Avoid citizen and environmental laws; let different countries


Pensions

Economists are predicting an upcoming pension crisis in Germany, a country with an elderly population and an unconscious population. But the major parties have left behind a major systemic change.

CDU / CSU

  • Have a retirement age of 67 years

  • Consider the establishment of an income-generating pension fund

  • Only self-employed people will be required to pay a pension

SPD

  • Have a retirement age of 67 years

  • The pension risk (meaning the employee’s pension amount and his or her normal pay) should be kept at 48%.

  • Everyone has to pay a government pension, including self-employed

  • The retirement pension should be increased and generated interest

FDP

  • Make the pension age change. Some people must decide at age 60 if they want to retire

  • Introduce a ‘sector pension’, in which a small portion of retirement contributions are placed in a fund

The greens

  • Have a retirement age of 67 but make it easier for people to retire past or in the future

  • The amount of pension should be kept at 48%

  • Convert pensions into ‘citizen’ insurance that affects more people, such as self-employed and MPs

  • Consider the establishment of income-generating pensions

  • Employers should provide workers with a pension



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