A new study this week shows significant loss of life due to the covid-19 epidemic being a major component. A study of 29 countries in Europe and North and South America found that almost all of them experienced a decline in life expectancy last year, while other countries experienced the biggest drops seen since World War II.
Longevity at birth is the most widely used method in the world. He estimates that the average person born in another year (2020, for example) is expected to live, depending on the death toll. Over time, the quality of life has improved in many lands, thanks to the growing number of people who are living longer into their old age. But annual deaths are on the rise for any reason, especially if these deaths affect the young, the prospect of survival may diminish. In the US, for example, the hope of life was inched lower in recent years mainly due to the high level of drug use.
Researchers in the UK and Denmark tested the prevalence of the disease last year on the survival rates of 29 countries, using death rates from 2015 to 2020. These countries included the US, Chile, and most of Europe. The result was published Monday in the International Journal of Epidemiology.
Overall, life expectancy has dropped from 2019 to 2020 in 27 of the 29 countries, and 22 countries have experienced a drop of more than half a year. Many countries have seen losses that erased the five-year migration, while women in 15 countries and men in 10 countries have a life expectancy of a few years lower than was recorded in 2015. Some, including the US, they also experienced an annual drop that has not been seen since major catastrophes such as the fall of the Soviet Union or World War II.
“For Western European countries such as Spain, England and Wales, Italy, Belgium, among others, the last time a significant decline in life expectancy at birth was observed in one year was WWII,” said co-author José Manuel Aburto, a health researcher at people at Oxford University, in words and university.
The bulk of this loss in life expectancy was attributed to official covid-19 deaths, as well as deaths among those over 60, who are the most vulnerable to dying from the viral illness. But some places, including the U.S., were hit harder by deaths among younger people.
“The large declines in life expectancy observed in the U.S. can partly be explained by the notable increase in mortality at working ages observed in 2020,” study author and fellow Oxford researcher Ridhi Kashyap said in the same statement. “In the U.S., increases in mortality in the under 60 age group contributed most significantly to life expectancy declines, whereas across most of Europe increases in mortality above age 60 contributed more significantly.”
Though older people are more likely to develop severe illness, many are dying before they would normally be expected to, and the loss of younger people has added up as well. One study is being compared that 9 million years of life has been lost due to the epidemic in the US alone, since March 2021 (since then, another catastrophic epidemic has occurred).
The Covid-19 vaccine has undoubtedly saved many lives since it was launched late last year and will continue to improve. But most people in the world do not have a good vaccine, and the US is on the way losing more people to the epidemic in 2021 than last year. As a result, the effects of covid-19 on our survival will remain significant in the future.