Number of People With Chronic Illness Counted Twice Since 1990, Depression Report Available


A doctor who takes a blood test for a patient.

A doctor who takes a blood test for a patient.
Figure: Joe Raedle (Getty Images)

More and more people around the world are having high blood pressure, a new study this week finds. The study, based on data from nearly 200 countries, estimates that more than a billion people worldwide had a serious illness in 2019 – twice that number in 1990.

Blood pressure is generally defined as having a systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or higher (maximum increase in blood count) and diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or more (low number). Although it does not cause it on its own, serious illness can be devastating and can damage the body, especially the cardiovascular system, over time; this increases the risk of other conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. In the US alone, serious illness was to compare to support nearly 500,000 deaths in 2018.

New research, published Tuesday at Lancet, is the work of researchers from the NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), a network of scientists looking at the spread of those who are contributing most to the non-communicable diseases around the world. The group works closely with the World Health Organization and is overseen by researchers from Imperial College London. The study aims to provide an initial estimate of the prevalence of malignancies and how they are diagnosed, treated, and managed in each country.

The team also reviewed 1,201 surveys of more than 100 million people between the ages of 30 and 79, ranging from 30 years in 184 countries – studies with representative examples of participants worldwide. People are diagnosed with high blood pressure if they have 140/90 and read blood pressure or if they are taking blood thinners. This was used to estimate the prevalence of acute illnesses in 200 countries and territories over the years.

All told, it is estimated that 1.27 billion people between the ages of 30 and 79 have an epidemic in 2019, up from 650 million in 1990. After a change in age (older people have more serious illnesses and people are living longer than decades three years ago), the spread of this deadly disease has not changed much in those years, and about a third of men and women are estimated to have had it in 1990 and in 2019.

A diet high in sodium as well as a lack of exercise can perekani high blood pressure, while other conditions, such as diabetes, can be dangerous. Aside from lifestyle changes, there are readily available drugs that can help them improve. But the authors estimate that about half of all cases (720 million) are currently unresolved, while only 20% of people had normal blood pressure. Reducing the risk of serious illness or incurable only increases the risk of infection.

There have been some local developments, with countries such as the UK, Spain, Canada, and Switzerland increasing the prevalence of serious diseases since the 1990’s. But many other countries have grown or not changed. In two countries, Paraguay and Tuvalu, more than 50% of women had serious illnesses by 2019, while more than 50% had serious illnesses in nine countries, including Argentina, Hungary, and Paraguay. More than a billion people with chronic illness think that they live in low-income countries.

The United States ranked 38th in the list of countries with the highest prevalence of the disease in 2019, the lowest since 1990. In 2019, 29% of women and 34% of men reported having a high incidence of the disease. But she placed 4th in the treatment, with 73% People receive care. In 2017, it should be noted, new guidelines from leading US agencies recommended that hypertension be counted as reading 130/80, not 140/90. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, using these guidelines, instead to compare that 45% of Americans over the age of 18 have hypertension.

“Although medical and medical services have advanced over the years, global progress in reducing morbidity has been declining, and many people with chronic illnesses are not receiving treatment, with serious problems in low-income countries,” said lead author Majid Ezzati. , a researcher at Imperial College London, in his remarks was released and Lancet.

Because some countries have been able to tackle their blood-curdling problem in recent years, while other countries with medium-sized countries are doing better than most rich countries, the authors hope that more can be done to reduce global risk. But many of the best ways to deal with serious illnesses depend on short-term changes in these countries, as well as large sums of money.

“Programs that help people in the poorest countries have access to nutritious food – especially reducing salt intake and making fruits and vegetables cheaper and more affordable – as well as improving awareness and enhancing global health care and special care, and ensuring that uninterrupted access to appropriate care, should “It has helped to reduce the growing epidemic of high blood pressure in low- and middle-income countries,” Ezzati said.



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